Rwanda: Abagore bitabira umwuga w’ubucukuzi bw’amabuye baracyari bake

Rwanda: Abagore bitabira umwuga w’ubucukuzi bw’amabuye baracyari bake

Ikigo cy’igihugu gishinwe ubucukuzi bw’amabuye ,gazi na peteroli (RMB) kivugako mu bakozi 57,379 baba mu mwuga w’ubucukuzi bw’amabuye , 6542 gusa nibo bagore, ni mugihe mu makoperative n’amakompanyi 138 y’ubucukuzi bw’amabuye, 22 yonyine niyo y’abagore, ubuyobozi bw’ikigo gishinzwe uyu mwuga kivuga ko gihangayikishijwe n’umubare muto w’abagore bawugana gusa ngo biteguye gufasha umugore wese ushaka kugana uyu mwuga.

Ubwo ubucukuzi n’ubucuruzi  bw’amabuye bwatangiraga mu Rwanda mu 1930 nta mugore wari wemerewe kujya muri uyu mwuga gusa mu mwaka 2003 U Rwanda rwiyemeje kugira 30% by’abagore mu nzego zose z’igihugu, n’ubwo bimeze bityo  imibare yatanzwe n’ikigo cy’igihugu cy’ibarurisha mibare mu mwaka wa 2021 igashimangirwa n’ikigo cy’igihugu gishinzwe ubucukuzi bw’amabuye Gazi na peterori mu 2022 , ivuga ko mu mwuga w’ubucukuzi bw’amabuye, umubare w’abagore ukiri 11.4 % ugereranije n’abagabo, hari abavuga ko kuba abagore batitabira uyu mwuga biterwa n’umuco ndetse n’imiterere y’imibiri yabo , ibi babishingira kukuba hari imirimo ikorerwa ahacukurirwa amabuye usanga umubare w’abagore ari munini ugereranyije n’abagabo , iyo mirimo irimo gukora amasuku no guteka nk’akazi kabo ka buri munsi bangana na 81% ariko wagera ku mirimo isaba imbaraga irimo gucukuza imashini n’ibindi bikoresho ugasanga bari hasi, Niyonkuru Emerthe yahoze akora muri kimwe mu binombe bicukura amabuye mu karere ka Muhanga yagize ati” Hariya haba imirimo isaba imbaraga nyinshi , hari aho ugera nk’umugore ukumva biranze ukisezerera, iyo umaze kubyara biba akarushyo ,akenshi imbaraga ziba ntazo ugereranije na bagenzi bawe kuko uba unakeneye konsa igihe kinini,……….. kuvuga ko kongera umubare wabagore byakoroha biragoranye n’inshingano umugore wo mu Rwanda aba afite

Uretse abavuga imiterere y’umubiri hari abavuga ko ubucukuzi bw’amabuye busaba ubundi bumenyi bw’umwihariko bitandukanye n’indi mirimo ushobora kujyamo byoroshye , nk’ubuhinzi ubu bufite 53 % by’abagore , imirimo rusange ifite 55,7 %  ndetse n’ubucuruzi bufite 45.4 % , Mukandayisenga Honoretta akora umwuga w’ubuhinzi mu karere ka Musanze avuga ko yize amashuli atatu abanza ariko bitamugora guhinga, yagize ati “ iyo urebye ubuhinzi ni umwuga woroshye kujyamo kuko nta bumenyi bwinshi bisaba , ntacyangomwa usaba Reta ngo ubukore, ubutangira igihe ushakira , ubwo rero twe nkabagore biratworohera mu gihe tubyifuje bikoroshwa nuko bukorerwa ahantu hose mu gihugu “

Nubwo nta bushakashatsi burakorwa ku mpamvu nyayo iri gutuma uyu mwuga ugira abagore bake Hari undi  mubare w’abagore ukigaragaza imbogamizi zo kuba bahohoterwa mu gihe bakwinjira mu bucukuzi bw’amabuye nk’umwuga ukirimo bagezi babo bakiri bake  kuko kuri ubu amakoperative n’amakampanyi 138 awukora , ayoborwa n’abagore ni 22 mu gihe ayoborwa n’abagabo ari 116 , Niyonkuru Anitha umukobwa wo mu karere aka Karongi yagize ati “ Tekereza kwinjirana n’abagabo 30 mu mwobo mugiye gucukura uri umugore umwe, bashobora kuguhohotera cyangwa bakanagusambanya, kuba wasambanijwe ukabibwira umugabo ntabwo umwisanzuraho neza, ndetse  kukona umugabo ushinja undi kugusambanya byagorana ugahitamo kutajya mu kazi kaguteza ibibazo”

Harakorwa iki ngo umubare w’abagore bitabira ubucukuzi bw’amabuye wiyongere

Nkuko bigaragazwa n’ubushakashatsi bwakozwe n’ikigo cy’ubucukuzi bw’amabuye gazi na peteroli ,ubumenyi buke ni kimwe mu bituma abagore batitabira uyu mwuga ngo kuko mu ba injiniyeri 93 basoje muri kaminuza y’Urwanda mu myaka 2019-2021 , 23 bonyine nibo bagore , ni mu gihe mu basoje muri kaminuza y’ubumenyingiro (Rwanda polytechnic) 153 , abagore ni 43 gusa . Minisiteri y’uburezi ivuga ko ifite gahunda yo kongera no gukangurira abagore kwitabira amashuli y’ubumenyingiro, Minisitiri w’uburezi Dr UWAMARIYA Velentine yagize ati “ kuri ubu Reta ifite gahunda yo kongera umubare w’abagore n’abakobwa bitabira amashuli y’imyuga n’ubumenyingiro mu rwego rwo guhangana n’umubare muto wabitabira ayo mashuli hagamije guhangana n’imibare y’urubyiruko rutagira akazi”

Ubuyobozi bw’ikigo cy’ubucukuzi bw’amabuye Gazi na peterori(RMB) buvuga ko bwatangiye guhangana n’imbogamizi abagore bahura nazo zibakumira kwinjira mu mwuga , umuyobozi w’ungirije w’iki kigo Dr.Ivan Twagirashema,  yagize ati “ Twatangiye guhangana n’imbogamizi abagore bahura nazo , kuri ubu twatangiye ,korohereza abagore bafite abana bakiri bato hafungurwa amarerero kuburyo bonsa byoroshye batagiye mu ngo zabo  tunabaha amasaha yo konsa, iyo ni intangiriro n’ibindi bizakorwa”

Inyigo ku rugero rw’imikorere yakozwe n’Ikigo cy’Igihugu cy’Ibarurishamibare (NISR) yasohotse muri Nzeri 2022 igaragaza ko igipimo cy’ubushomeri Kiri kuri 18.1 % by’Abanyarwanda bageze mu kigero cyo gukora. Umubare munini  w’abashomeri ni uw’abagore bari kuri  21.4 ku ijana, mu gihe hashyirwa imbaraga mu guteza imbere umugore byagabanya umubare wabashomeri, bigateza imbere igihugu n’umuryango Nyarwanda.

Eric TWAHIRWA

ECONOMY