Climate change to cause the disappearance of trees and strengthen the food security issues
Climate change is now a concern for the people of the world, which is why research is ongoing to prevent certain trees from disappearing.
Researchers have shown that climate change is the cause of the increase in global temperature, causing some trees to disappear
This problem is the reason why researchers from the University of Rwanda and those from Switzerland have started research in Rwanda to see if there is a way to preserve trees, because they are important in making life go well.
These researchers show that as the climate changes, so do the trees.
In carrying out this research, they planted twenty types of trees in three places in Rwanda, including hot, temperate and cold areas, some are watered, others are covered and some are left to protect themselves.
This study showed that trees planted in hot weather were drier.
Dr. Nsabimana Donat, a lecture at the School of Forestry, Biology and Conservation at the University of Rwanda (UR), said that the trees in this district where Rwanda is located will be affected by climate change.
Dismas Bakundukize, who is in charge of forest management at the Forestry Agency, said that every living thing in the world is important and that is why it should be preserved. Trees not only filter the air, but also in their roots where they are, they can make other trees grow, which can make animals grow.
Only this guide encourages people to continue planting trees, including mixed and aged ones, but also to avoid harvesting them when they are not mature.
Climate change is a threat to food security
Various organizations in Rwanda find that there are still obstacles, including those related to climate change, which make food security not achievable as desired.
Some national meeting that studied what can be done to ensure that the people of the world and Rwanda are satisfied with food and good quality, they agreed that there is a need for the cooperation of all institutions, investment in agriculture to fight against climate change in order to feed in every country
They pointed out that there are problems that threaten this sector, such as climate change that causes a decrease in cultivated land, lack of access to the right seeds and supplements etc..
The Minister of Environment, Dr. Jeanne d’Arc Mujawamariya, indicated that self-sufficiency in food will be achieved if the environment is well managed, with the reduction of air pollution and the proper use of land.
She said, “Rwanda has approved its sustainable action plan for environmental conservation, by showing its contribution to the United Nations’ efforts to deal with climate change where Rwanda wants to reduce air pollution by 38% in In the year 2030, Rwanda has also adopted a better way to use the land effectively, where it strives to establish a sustainable system and plan for how it can be used effectively from 2020 to 2050.
The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Musabyimana Jean Claude confirms that everyone has the responsibility to increase the productivity of what they do, so that the country can be adequately self-sufficient in food:
“In fact, I would say that in Rwanda we have made a significant step towards self-sufficiency in food, although we know that there is still a long way to go, because the population is increasing, the land is not increasing, technology and the climate are changing. It is a journey that everyone is required to do, food security is not the responsibility of one person or the same level, it is the responsibility of everyone because everyone needs to eat in order to be successful, so they are asked to increase the productivity of what they do wherever they are.”
Food security in Rwanda currently reaches 81.3% of Rwandans.
The Ministry of the Interior states that something has been done to achieve this, as more than 382,000 cows have been donated from 2006-2020, and more than 1,282,000 jobs have been created through the VUP program. Assistance support is given to 757,481 families, while long-term public works were given to more than 87,580 people, all of which contributed to helping the people to be self-sufficient in food.